多孔砖覆盖的德黑兰住宅/CAAT Studio

Perforated brick screens act as curtains for Tehran housing by CAAT Studio

由专筑网Yumi,刘庆新编译

CAAT Studio设计的呈角度的多孔砖幕结构为德黑兰的这座住宅区提供了通风和遮挡,使当地居民从城市炎热和干燥的气候中解放出来。

Angled screens of perforated brick provide ventilation and shade for this housing block in Tehran by CAAT Studio, providing its residents with relief from the city's hot and dry climate.


这座六层高的建筑物位于首都西南部迅速发展的Kahrizak 街区,这里主要是密集的低收入住户。

但是该项目的伊朗建筑师认为此类项目被设计在该区域里不合适。

他们发现居民往往适应形状统一的阳台,新的阳台设计有彩色玻璃窗或砖石,创建出挂衣服和存放物品的个性区域。设计师认为该项目的设计从一开始就应该包含一些功能。

The six-storey building is located in the rapidly developing neighbourhood of Kahrizak in the southwest of the capital, which is populated primarily by low-income households.
But the Iranian architects behind the project believe the kind of property being designed for the area is unsuitable.
They found that residents often adapt the uniform balconies of new blocks with colourful panes of glass or masonry, creating personalised places to hang clothing and store belongings. They felt this should be something included from the beginning.


“设计的主要目的是修改在这一地区的住宅建筑的类型,考虑了当地人群的生活方式和社会阶层,”CAAT Studio说。

“在这个地区,居民的生活方式和建筑类型之间存在巨大的差异,”他们补充说,“例如,通过观察附近现有的建筑,阳台作为一种常规功能在外立面被滥用。”

"The main purpose of the design was to modify a typology of residential building in this region, in which lifestyle and social class of the population were considered," said CAAT Studio.
"There was a huge gap between resident's lifestyle and the type of constructions happening in that region," they added, "for example, by observing the existing building in the neighbourhood, balconies as a routine function in the facade were misused."

建筑师把焦点放在建筑的南立面,将一系列倾斜的砖砌入凹进的露台,他们看到的一些空间的整合是由相邻街区的居民开发的。

The architects focused their attention on the southern facade, fitting a series of sloping brick screens into recessed balconies to integrate some of the spaces they saw being developed by the residents of adjacent blocks.


他们开发了21种不同类型的砖幕,在为每户住宅创建一定程度的个性化的同时,仍然保持了方案的整体外观。

这些砖结构在窗口投下阴影和为存储物品提供空间。一些砖幕被设计为书架和橱柜,而其他的砖幕被穿孔,让新鲜空气和自然光线透过立面,进入室内。

They developed 21 different types of screen that create a degree of personalisation for each residence while still maintaining the overall appearance of the scheme.

These brick structures help to cast shadows on windows and provide storage nooks. Some are designed to be used as bookshelves or closets, while other are perforated to allow fresh air and natural light to pass through the facade.

砖幕的形式是根据传统伊朗设计中经常发现的几何图案设计的。

中央阳台以砖幕为特征,它们向彼此对立的方向倾斜,在外立面上呈现出窗帘的外观。
The forms of the screens are based on the geometric patterns often found in traditional Iranian design.

The central balconies feature brick screens that slope in opposing directions to each other, creating the appearance of curtains drawn across the facade.

“砖模块的设计基于伊朗的几何图案;每个模块服从它背后空间的功能,”团队说。
"Brick modules were designed based on Iranian geometry pattern; each module was subservient by the function of the space behind it," said the team.
“设计的策略是为南立面后方的每块空间提供一个适当的砖布局模块,保障充足的采光和存储要求。”
"The design strategy was to provide each space behind the south facade with a proper brick arrangement module to support enough daylighting and storage requirements."

客户对项目的预算有限,所以建筑师决定使用一种当地生产的粘土砖并且雇佣当地工人以达到效果。
The client had a modest budget for the project, so the architects decided to use a type of locally produced clay brick and to employ local workmen to achieve the effect.
砖被切去一角,形成大孔,用水泥把它们上下固定在一起,能够用不同的排列方式把砖组成整体。
The bricks are cut with an angle grinder to form large holes, allowing them to be fixed to the block above and below with cement, and allowing them to be put together in varying arrangements.

伊朗正在快速变成一个创新设计的枢纽,随着经济逐步解除制裁,为一代年轻建筑师们寻找工作铺平了道路。
Iran is fast becoming a hub for inventive design, as the gradual lifting of economic sanctions is paving the way for a generation of young architects to find work.
最近其他的项目包括城市最大的步行桥、木百叶窗和鸽笼式窗户的公寓体块、房间旋转的住宅。
Other recent projects include the country's largest pedestrian bridge, an apartment block with wooden shutters and pigeonhole-style windows, and a house with rotating rooms.
 

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